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Essential Oil Introduction - What is Essential Oil?

Source and Use

essential oil bottle and dropperEssential oil is commonly found in various parts of a variety of plants, including the roots, trunk, bark, tree stems, leaves and flowers as well as other parts. In fact, it is not just oil, it is an organic compound produced by photosynthesis and a complex component of the aromatic plant family.           

Essential oils play an important role in the growth of plants. In addition to the regulation of temperature and help in the prevention of disease, essential oil also protects plants from harm caused by bacteria and germs. In addition, the leaves and flower petals that contain the essential oil can help the plant attract beneficial insects and also to avoid harmful ones. Many people take advantage of the therapeutic qualities of essential oils to improve health and expel pests.


Extraction Method

extraction distillery essential oilsEssential oils are extracted from aromatic plants’ glands, ducts or cells, woody tissue and sap. However, even for the same plant, the extraction of the oil from different parts of the plant will be different. The therapeutic effects and the risks involved are also different. The various extraction methods are:

Distillation Methods:

  • Water Distillation: the fragrant plant materials are put into a large distillation pot, vat or still with a certain ratio of boiling water according to a percentage. The steam and oils are captured and then separated out to produce the essential oil.                   
  • Water and Steam Distillation: the fragrant plant materials are placed into a sieve or on a grate atop a distillation vat/pot/still. The water below is heated up causing steam distillation of the material. The steam and water are pushed through the plant material where the steam and oils are captured and then separated out to produce the essential oil.
  • Steam Distillation: the fragrant plant materials are placed into a sieve/grate and subjected directly to steam. The stainless steel machine uses steam that is usually injected into the plant material at slightly higher pressures and temperatures than the above two methods.
  • Cold Press (Expression) method
  • Enfleurage (Fat Absorption) method
  • Solvent Extraction method

    The Use of Essential Oils 

    • aromatherapy bathRespiration - the use of essential oils by breathing them into the lungs. The absorption by alveoli in the lungs and subsequent blood exchange directly transmits micro-particles throughout the body and brain.                                                                                        

    • Massage – essential oils are added to a carrier oil to massage into the skin. The oil is absorbed into the body through the skin and blood exchange.

    • Oral - It is possible to consume certain essential oils, e.g., lavender. However, the quantity should be limited to a few drops.

    Oil Storage


    Essential oils must be handled carefully. They should always be kept in a dark glass bottle. Furthermore, to protect their quality and characteristics, essential oils should be stored in a cool, dry place and should not be subjected to direct sun light or refrigeration.

    Notes Prior to Using Essential Oils


    Always dilute essential oils before use in massage by adding add carrier oils. Before using essential oil in massage, you need to first do a skin test in order to avoid allergic reactions. Put a modest amount of the mixed essential and carrier oil on the wrist to test. Never allow essential oil in contact with eyes. Essential oils are not recommended for oral use. Human daily intake should not exceed 30 ml of pure essential oil. Inferior oils and fragrance oils can be harmful to the body. In case of discomfort, please stop using immediately.

        Not Suitable For Use By 

        The following categories of users should consult a doctor or professional aroma therapist before using essential oils:  Babies, Pregnant Women, Asthma Patients and those with Kidney and Liver disease